查英语 >英语学习 >听力学习 >中国特色词汇汉译英


更新时间:2023-02-03 22:24:46


  AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch

  《阿Q正传》 The True Story of Ah Q

  艾滋病(获得性免疫缺损综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

  爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace

  安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families

  按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost

  按揭贷款 mortgage loan

  按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance

  暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

  暗亏 hidden loss

  澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul

  奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult


  B to B (B2B) business to business

  B to C (B2C) business to consumer

  巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse

  把握大局 grasp the overall situation

  白马王子 Prince Charming

  白色行情表 white sheet

  白色农业 white agriculture (also called "white engineering agriculture"; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

  白手起家 starting from scratch

  白雪公主 Snow White

  摆架子 put on airs

  摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

  拜年 pay New Year call

  搬迁户 relocated families

  半拉子工程 uncompleted project

  棒球运动记者 scribe

  傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags

  包干到户 work contracted to households

  包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

  包工包料 contract for labor and materials

  保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy

  保持国有股 keep the State-held shares

  保健食品 health-care food

  保理业务 factoring business

  保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area

  保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas

  保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

  报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project

  北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank

  本本主义 bookishness

  《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica

  本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

  本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

  奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

  苯鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

  蹦击 bungee, bungee jumping

  逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives

  比较经济学 comparative economics

  比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

  闭门羹 given cold-shoulder

  边际报酬 marginal return

  边缘科学 boundary science

  变相涨价 disguised inflation

  便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer

  标书 bidding documents

  表演赛 demonstration match

  剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody

  博彩(业)lottery industry

  博士生 Ph.D candidate

  补缺选举 by-election

  布达拉宫 Potala Palace

  布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system

  不败记录 clean record, spotless record

  不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force

  不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

  不分上下的总统选举结果the neck-and-neck presidential election result

  《不见不散》 Be there or be square.

  不可再生资源 non-renewable resources

  不良贷款 non-performing loan

  不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

  不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

  步行天桥 foot bridge


  擦边球 edge ball, touch ball

  擦网球 net ball

  采取高姿态 show magnanimity

  菜篮子工程 shopping basket program

  参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs

  沧海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas--time brings great changes to the world.

  What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields--the world is changing all the time.

  仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

  草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)

  层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

  差额投票 differentail voting

  差额选举 competitive election

  茶道 sado

  查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

  拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul

  拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition

  搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

  禅 dhyana

  产粮大省 granary province

  产品结构 product mix

  产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

  产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order

  产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing

  产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies

  产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure

  长二捆 LM-2E

  长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

  长线产品 product in excessive supply

  畅通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"

  唱高调 mouth high-sounding words

  超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer

  超前消费 overconsuming, excessive consumption

  彻头彻尾的反动政治势力an out and out reactionary political force

  城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning

  城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

  吃大锅饭 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"

  吃皇粮 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government

  重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects

  抽杀成功 hit through

  筹备委员会 preparatory committee

  出风头 show off;in the limelight

  出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

  出口加工区 export processing zones

  出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

  出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

  出家 pravrajana; cloister

  传销 multi-level marketing

  窗口行业 various service trades

  创建卫生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

  创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

  吹风会 (advanced) briefing

  春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program

  春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

  《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals

  磁悬浮列车 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train

  辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

  此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

  从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

  促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy

  存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits


  "达标"活动 "target hitting" activities

  打白条 issue IOU

  打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

  打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

  打破僵局 break the deadlock

  打顺手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove

  大包干 all-round responsibility system

  大轰动 blockbuster

  大力扣杀 hammer

  大路货 staple goods

  大满贯 grand slam

  大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

  大款 tycoon

  大排挡 sidewalk snack booth; large stall

  大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

  大胜 white wash

  大腕 top notch

  大卫教 Branch Davidian

  大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series

  大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking

  大要案 major and serious criminal cases

  大专生 junior college student

  大专文凭 associate degree

  大藏经 Tripitaka

  带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits

  待岗 await job assignment, post-waiting

  待业 job-waiting

  代职 function in an acting capacity

  单循环制 single round-robin system

  党群关系 Party-masses relationship

  党政机关 Party and government organizations

  捣浆糊 give the runaround

  盗版VCD pirated VCD

  盗用公款 embezzlement

  单刀赴会 start a solo run

  倒票 speculative reselling of tickets

  倒爷 profiteer

  倒计时 countdowm

  等外品 off-grade goods, rejects

  邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts

  低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

  第二产业 secondary industry

  第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector

  第一发球权 first inning

  第一发球员 first server

  第一双打 first pair

  地方保护主义 regional protectionism

  地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

  地区差异 regional disparity

  地热资源 geothermal resources

  地市级城市 prefecture-level city

  点子公司 consultancy company

  电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number

  电话会议 teleconference

  电视直销 TV home shopping

  电子商务认证 e-business certification

  吊球 drop shot

  吊销执照 revoke license

  钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project

  定向培训 training for specific posts

  豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project

  毒枭 drug trafficker

  独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

  "渡假外交" holiday-making diplomacy

  短期债务 floating debt

  断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)

  对...毫无顾忌 make no bones about ...

  对冲基金 hedge fund

  对外招商 attract foreign investment

  队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband

  多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power

  多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

  夺冠 take the crown


  恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation

  恶性循环 vicious circle

  二板市场(创业板市场) second board on the country's stock market

  二次创业 start a new undertaking

  二进宫 to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)

  二流选手 scrub, second-rater

  二元经济 dual economy


  发案率 incidence (of criminal cases)

  发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan

  发展不平衡 disparate development

  发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need.

  法治国家 a country under the rule of law

  法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system

  翻两番 quadruple

  反败为胜 bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire

  反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means

  反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government

  防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system)

  防洪工程 flood-prevention project

  房管 real estate management

  放高球 lob

  放下架子 to relinguish haungty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs

  放行单 release permit

  飞毛腿(导弹)Scud missile

  飞行药检 spot check

  非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL)

  费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes

  分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market.

  分流 reposition of redundant personnel

  分期付款 installment payment

  分税制 system of tax distribution

  (产品)分销 subunderwriting, distribution

  粉领族 pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)

  风险投资 venture capital; risk investment

  疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE)

  锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash

  封闭式基金 close-ended fund

  封杀出局 force out

  “封圣” canonization of "Saints"

  福利彩票 welfare lotteries

  福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system

  浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages

  扶贫 poverty alleviation

  覆盖率 coverage rate

  复式住宅duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building)


  改制上市:An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.

  感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest)

  干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent

  港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong

  高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue

  高产优质 high yield and high quality

  高度自治 high degree of autonomy

  高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

  高级商务师 Certified Business Executive

  高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

  高科技板块 high-tech sector

  高难度动作 stunner, stunt

  高清晰度 high definition

  高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone

  (公路)隔离带 median

  根本政治制度 fundamental political system

  个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

  各大菜系 major styles of cooking

  各尽所能let each person do his best; from each according to his ability

  "各就位" "On your marks!"

  跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

  恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you all the best!

  功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

  工程公司 engineering company

  工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

  工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person

  工业控制一体化integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration

  工业园区 industrial park

  公费医疗 medical services at state expense

  公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

  公检法 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts

  公积金public accumulation funds, public reserve funds

  公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

  公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company

  公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open

  公证财产 notarize the properties

  共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party

  狗仔队dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)

  骨干企业 key enterprise

  股本金equity capital


  1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself)

  2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

  关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall

  光谷 optical valley

  光机电一体化 optical, mechanical and electronic integration

  光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine

  光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication

  广告电话直销direct response advertising

  广域网 wide area network (WAN)

  皈依三宝 become a Buddhist

  国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

  国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense

  国际惯例 international common practice

  国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL)

  《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune

  国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems

  国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua

  国家一级保护 first-grade State protection

  国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

  国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team

  国库券 treasury bonds

  国民党 Kuomintang

  国民经济支柱产业 pillar industries in national economy

  国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond

  过度开垦 excess reclamation


  海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War

  函授大学 correspondence university

  旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park

  汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software

  航母 aircraft carrier

  豪赌 unrestrained gambling

  好事不出门,恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.

  好出风头的运动员 exhibitionist, grandstander

  好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster

  "好球" "Strike"

  和服 Kimono

  合理引导消费 guide rational consumption

  合议庭 collegiate bench

  核销 cancel after verification

  黑店 gangster inn

  黑客 hacker

  黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland

  宏观调控 macro-control

  红包 (中)red paper containing money as a gift, (贬) bribe, kickback

  《红楼梦》A Dream in Red Mansions (The Story of the Stone)

  红帽子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise)

  红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO)

  环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim

  后防空虚 leave the defense exposed

  呼啦圈 hu la hoop

  胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded)

  虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.

  互动广告 interactive advertisement

  户口管理制度 domicile system, residence registration system

  户主 head of a household

  护身法宝 amulet

  华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele

  华盖 canopy

  滑板车 scooter

  "坏球" "Ball"

  还俗 resume secular life, unfrock

  "黄、赌、毒" pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking

  黄金时段 prime time

  (吃)"皇粮" public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state

  挥棒 swing

  挥棒不中 fan

  灰色收入 income from moonlighting

  汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation

  婚介所 matrimonial agency

  婚外恋 extramarital love

  活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn.

  火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology)

  货币化 monetization

  货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation

  货到付款 cash on delivery


  机场建设费 airport construction fee

  机构臃肿  overstaffing in organizations (government)

  基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.

  基本国情 fundamental realities of the country

  基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level

  基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level

  基因工程 genetic engineering

  积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

  绩优股 blue chip

  激烈竞争 cut-throat competition

  吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records)

  吉祥物 mascot

  缉毒队 narcotics squad

  缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling

  集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony

  集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development

  计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan

  计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning

  计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

  记者席 press box

  "既成事实" fait accompli (noun)

  技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange

  技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers

  嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest

  加班 work extra shifts

  加密 encrypt

  加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion

  家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system

  家族企业 family firm

  假唱 lip-synch

  假动作 deception, feint

  甲骨文 inscriptions on oracle bones

  假日经济 holiday economy

  坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences

  监督部门 watchdog

  尖端产品 highly sophisticated products

  剪彩 cut the ribbon

  剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ...

  减负 alleviate burdens on sb.

  减速玻璃(汽车)decelerating glass

  减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency

  江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River

  讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating

  脚踩两只船 sit on the fence

  脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

  侥幸球 fluke

  教学法 pedagogy; teaching method

  教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education

  接口 interface

  街道企业 neighborhood enterprise

  街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center

  节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB音乐) rhythm blues

  解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces

  解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts

  解困基金 anti-poverty funds

  结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales

  戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

  戒急用忍 overcome impetuosity and exercise patience

  金本位 gold standard

  金边债券 gilt-edged bonds

  金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra

  金降落伞 golden parachute

  金融电子化 computerize financial services

  金税工程 Golden Tax Project

  紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase

  紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises

  紧追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail

  近海渔业 offshore fishery

  近水楼台先得月 First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position.

  进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade

  进口渗透 import penetration

  禁渔期 closed fishing seasons

  禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment

  经常项目顺差favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account

  经常性贷款 commercial lending

  经常性支出 running expenses

  经济林 cash tree

  经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration

  经济失调指数 misery index

  经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense

  经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system

  精简机构 streamline government organs

  精品 competitive products

  京剧票友 Peking Opera fan

  京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera

  景泰蓝 cloisonné

  敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics

  劲射 power shot

  九五攻关 State Key Task 95

  居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee

  局域网 local area network (LAN)

  举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone

  拒载 refuse to take passengers

  君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green

  竣工式 completion ceremony


  卡丁车 kart

  开发一代,储存一带,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products

  开放式基金 open-ended fund

  开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity

  开工典礼 commencement ceremony

  开题报告 opening speech; opening report

  看守政府, 看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet

  坎儿井 karez

  抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea

  抗震棚 quake-proof shelter

  考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

  科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements

  科技含量 technology content

  科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.

  科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation

  科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project

  可持续发展 sustainable development

  刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine

  空头支票 accommodation note, lip service

  空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess

  控股公司 holding company

  扣帽子 put a label on

  跨世纪工程 a trans-century project

  跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development

  快讯 news flash; flash

  宽带接入 broadband access

  宽带网 broadband networks

  宽限期 grace period

  亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit

  困难职工 the needy


  垃圾债券 junk bond

  拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth

  拉拉队 cheering squad

  拉拉队长 cheer-leader, rooter king

  拉关系 try to curry favor with

  来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone

  来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing

  劳动合同制 labor contract system

  老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise

  "篱笆墙" barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading

  礼仪小姐 ritual girl

  利改税  substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

  利好因素 wrinkle

  利基 niche

  立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture

  联合联络小组 joint liaison group

  廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration

  廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government

  廉洁奉公,以正治国 (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness

  联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output

  联合国会费 the UN membership dues (fee)

  联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises

  联合投标 syndicated tender

  联想集团 Legend Group

  练摊 to be a vendor

  良性循环 virtuous circle

  粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies

  粮油关系:grain and oil rationing registration

  两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation

  两弹一艇 A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine

  "两个对等的政治实体" "two equal political entities

  两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress

  两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.

  "两思"(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence

  老少边穷地区 former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas

  《聊斋志异》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio

  猎头公司 head-hunting company

  临时主教练 caretaker coach

  领头羊 bellwether

  留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary

  留学咨询:consulting on the study abroad

  流动人口 transient population

  (行业中的)龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry

  乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises

  乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines

  《论语》 Analects of Confucius

  论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense

  裸机:bare mobile phone

  绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate

  绿化 afforestation

  绿色急救通道 emergency green path

  绿色食品 green food


  马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon

  马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors

  马太效应 the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. )

  满意度 degree of satisfaction

  盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside

  帽子戏法 hat trick

  冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging

  买一送一 two-for-one offer, buy one get one free

  美声唱法 bel canto

  美食节 gourmet festival

  门前三包 be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building

  蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt

  蒙古大夫 quack

  朦胧诗 misty poetry

  民办教师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government)

  民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities

  民进党 Democratic Progressive Party

  民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation

  民族凝聚力 national cohesion

  民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission

  民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture

  明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题)transparent consumption

  磨洋工 dawdle along

  目标管理 management by objectives


  NASDAQ National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations

  纳米 nanometer

  难得糊涂 Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise.

  南水北调 South-to-North water diversion

  南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project

  男权主义思想 male chauvinism

  囊括 complete a sweep

  耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods)

  闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique

  内环路 inner ring road

  内联企业 enterprises with internal connections

  能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people

  能进能出,能上能下competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots

  能进能出,能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man.

  能上网的手机 WAP phone

  内耗 in-fighting

  泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival

  年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis

  年夜饭 family reunion dinner

  扭转局面 reverse the tide, turn the table

  农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers)



  跑龙套 utility man, play a bit role, general handyman

  泡沫经济 bubble economy

  配股 allotment of shares

  配套政策 supporting policies

  棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks

  碰钉子 get snubbed

  碰头会 brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.)

  疲软股票 soft stock

  皮包公司 bogus company

  啤酒肚 beer belly

  票贩子 scalper, ticket tout

  骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage

  贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor

  贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb

  平面设计师 graphic designer

  瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions

  扑网(体) rush-up, rushing

  普选制 general election system


  期房 forward delivery housing

  企业孵化器 enterprise incubator

  企业文化 corporate culture

  起跑器 block

  洽谈会 fair, meeting

  千代田寿险公司(日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co.

  千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby

  强化班 intensive training class

  抢跑 false start, beat the gun

  亲民党 People First Party

  勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program

  轻轨火车 light rail train

  情感消费 emotional consumption

  情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to …

  区位商业 location-based commerce

  屈体 jackknife, pike

  圈外人士 people out of the loop

  全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy

  全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City

  全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan

  全能冠军 all-around winner

  全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS)

  全球通 global system for mobile communications

  全天候飞机 all-weatehr aircraft

  拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster

  裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence

  裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence

  群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely


  燃油附加税 bunker surcharge

  染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon

  绕圈子 beat around the bush

  热岛效应 tropical island effect

  人才流失brain drain

  人浮于事 overstaffing

  人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI)

  人海战术 huge-crowd strategy

  人机交互 human-computer interaction

  人际交往 human communication

  人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG)

  人均住房 per-capita housing

  人类免疫缺陷病毒Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)

  人情债 debt of gratitude

  任意球 free kick

  日本协力银行 Japan Bank For International Cooperation (JBIC)

  融资渠道 financing channels

  入水时水花很少 clean entry

  软新闻 soft news


  360度环幕电影 Circamara

  三八红旗手 woman pace-setter

  三八线 38th Parallel

  三步走战略 the three-step development strategy

  三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

  "三个代表" "three represents" theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)

  三个有利于 "three favorables" (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards

  《三国演义》The Romance of the Three Kingdoms

  三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)

  "三讲"教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) "three emphases" education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

  三角恋爱 love triangle

  三角债 chain debt

  三来一补企业 the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade.

  三连冠 three successive championships

  三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen

  三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits

  三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling"; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)

  三维电影 three-dimensional movie

  三 维 动 画 片 three-dimensional animation

  三无企业 three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)

  三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers

  三资企业 three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures(中外合资企业), cooperative businesses (中外合作企业) and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China(外商独资企业)

  三字经 three-character scripture

  "扫黄"、"打非" eliminate pornography and illegal publications

  扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

  杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card

  《山海经》the Classic of Mountains and Rivers

  商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau

  商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing

  商品条码 bar code

  上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas

  上市 to be listed

  上网 to get on the Internet

  上有天堂,下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzou on earth.

  少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee

  社会热点问题 hot spots of society

  社会治安情况 public security situation

  涉外经济 foreign-related business

  申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games

  身体素质 physique; physical constitution

  神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card

  审时度势 size up the situation

  渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

  《生死抉择》 "Live or Die"

  生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture

  失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted

  失学儿童 dropout

  实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

  食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China

  实体经济 the real economy

  实现零的突破 fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough

  实现中华民伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

  实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

  实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people

  实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life

  时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.

  史记 Shi Ji/ Historical Records

  市场疲软 sluggish market

  市场准入 market access

  试用期 probationary period

  适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight financial policy

  适销对路的产品  readily marketable products

  适者生存survival of the fittest

  手机入网费 mobile access fee

  首创精神 pioneering spirit

  首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

  授信额度 line of credit

  受灾地区 disaster-affected are

  售后服务 after-sale services

  树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image

  刷卡, 划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card

  甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale

  涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton

  双刃剑 double-edged sword

  双向选择 two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market

  《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins

  水货 smuggled goods

  水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting

  硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

  司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

  思乡曲 Nostalgia

  思想僵铁 fossilized concept

  死机 system halted

  四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

  四个如何认识 (江泽民总书记在今年6月28日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中,提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.)

  In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle.

  四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

  四项基本原则 the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought

  (企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)

  素质教育 education for all-around development

  随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions


  抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker

  太空步 moonwalk

  弹性工资 flexible pay

  弹性外交 elastic diplomacy

  逃票 to sneak through without a ticket

  逃票者 ticket evader

  套利 arbitrage

  特别提款权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold

  特色电话机 feature phone

  提高农产品收购价格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products)

  铁饭碗 iron rice bowl

  铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend

  铁血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister

  通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank

  通货紧缩 deflation (of currency)

  统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement

  统一市场 single market

  统一税 flat tax, consolidated tax

  同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification)

  同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen

  筒子楼:tube-shaped apartment

  偷税漏税 tax evasion

  偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes

  头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed

  投手 pitcher

  透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence

  土地沙化 desertification of land; desert encroachment

  团身 bunch up the body

  推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements

  退耕还林还草 grain for green

  脱口秀 talk show

  脱贫致富 cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity

  脱手 release grip


  汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks)

  王储,王太子 Crown Prince

  网吧 Internet bar

  网关 gateway

  网恋 online love affair

  网络出版 online publishing

  网络管理员 network administrator

  网络经济 cybereconomy

  网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen

  网上冲浪surf the Internet

  网上交易平台 online trading platform

  网友 net friend

  往事如风 The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past.

  温饱工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project

  稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority

  微软移动构想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives

  维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation

  《围城》 A Surrounded City

  伪君子hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing

  伪劣商品赔还法 lemon law

  卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion

  文明街道 model community

  文韬武略 military expertise; military strategy

  问讯处 information office; inquiry desk

  屋顶花园 roof garden

  无氟冰箱  freon-free refrigerator 

  无人售票 self-service ticketing

  无绳来电显示电话 cordless telephone with caller ID

  无为而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference

  无线应用协议 WAP(wireless application protocol)

  无中生有 make/create something out of nothing

  武俠 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel

  物价局 Price Bureau

  物业管理 estate management, property management


  西部大开发 West Development

  西气东输 transport the natural gas from the West to the East

  《西厢记》 The Romance of West Chamber

  《西游记》Pilgrimage to the West; Journey to the West

  吸收游资 absorb idle fund

  希望工程 Project Hope

  喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear

  洗钱 money laundering

  下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...)

  下岗 laid-off workers

  下海 plunge into the commercial sea

  下网 off line

  下游行业 downstream industry

  险胜 cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out

  线下商贸运作 offline business operation

  县改市:county upgraded to city

  县级市:county-level city

  现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system

  香格里拉 Shangri-la

  向钱看 mammonism, put money above all

  项目立项 approve and initiate a project

  项目预算 project budget

  消费信贷 consumer credit services

  削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START)

  小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity

  小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family

  效益工资achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits

  写真集 photo album

  心理素质 psychological quality

  新宠 new favourite

  新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean

  新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation

  新秀 up-and-coming star, rising star

  信贷支持 credit aid

  信息港 inforport; cyber port

  信息化 informationize

  信用紧缩 credit crunch

  星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times

  形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand

  虚拟网 virtual net

  选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected

  选举人票 electoral vote

  选举人制 electoral system

  学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career

  学生处 students' affairs division

  学生减负 alleviate the burden on students

  徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends

  寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centres

  巡回招聘 milk round


  压水花技术 rip entry

  压线(口令) Line!

  压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program

  亚健康 subhealthy

  严打斗争Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities

  言情 romantic fiction; sentimental novel

  研究成果 research results

  研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graudate degree's diploma

  阳春(最经济方式) no-frills

  羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall

  养老金 pension

  养路费 road toll

  摇钱树 cash cow

  摇头丸 dancing outreach

  药物检查 dope control, drug testing

  业内人士 insider

  液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD)

  一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks

  一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all

  一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature

  一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility

  一国两制,One country, two systems

  一级市场 primary market

  一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate

  一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革开放,一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption.

  一线员工 worker at the production line

  医疗保险 medical insurance

  移动电话双向收费 two-way charges for cellular phones

  以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side

  以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction

  以谋略制胜 outmaneuver

  以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains

  以人为本 people oriented; people foremost

  以市场为导向 market-oriented

  以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of equality

  以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products

  义和团运动 Boxer Uprising

  义务兵役制 compulsory military service, conscription

  义务教育 compulsory education

  义演收入 proceeds from benefit performmance

  薏米 seed of Job's tears

  易拉罐 pop can

  因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude

  隐形收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money

  隐性就业 unregistered employment

  硬道理 absolute principle, top priority

  营业税 turnover tax; business tax

  应试教育 examination-oriented education system

  优化结构 optimize structure

  优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping

  邮递协议 Post Office Protocol (POP)

  有法可依,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and law-breakers must be prosecuted.

  有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律 with lofty ideals, integrety, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline

  有情人终成眷属 Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well.

  有望夺金者 a gold medal hopeful

  有勇无谋 use brawn rather than brain

  与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market

  (领导人)与民众的直接对话 town hall conference/meeting

  舆论导向 direction of public opinion

  舆论监督 supervision by public opinion

  欲穷千里目,更上一层楼 to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight.

  冤假错案 cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases

  圆寂 Parinirvana

  缘分 chemical, (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together

  远程教育 distance learning

  远景计划 long-term development targets

  晕菜 numbed; dumbfounded

  运球 dribble


  宰(客) to swindle money out of our customers

  "宰人" rip off

  在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator)

  在职博士生 on-job doctorate

  再贷款 re-lending; subloan

  再就业服务中心 re-employment service center

  藏学 Tibetology

  糟粕 dross

  早恋 puppy love

  造假帐 falsified accounts

  斋月 Ramadan

  债转股 debt-to-equity swap

  沾光 benefit from one's association

  站票 standing-room-only ticket

  站台票 platform ticket

  战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership

  涨落线 advance balance line

  掌上电脑 palm computer

  朝阳产业 sunrise industry

  招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project

  招商引资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas)

  招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office

  真空包装 vacuum packing

  真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty

  正式照会 formal note

  政策性住房 policy-related house, policy-based house

  政府搭台,部门推动,企业唱戏 Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show.

  政府上网工程Government Online Project

  政府职能转变 transform/shift the government functions

  政企不分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up

  政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management

  政务公开 make government affairs public

  政治迫害 political prosecution; witch hunt

  证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange

  知识产权 intellectual property rights

  知识经济 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy

  直播 live broadcast, live telecast

  致命要害 Achilles' heel

  智囊团、思想库 the brain trust;think tank

  掷钱猜先 toss

  中国经济景气监测中心 China Economic Monitoring Center

  中国新经济峰会 China New Economy Summit

  《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》 Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumers' Rights and Interests

  中流砥柱 mainstay, chief corner stone

  中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other

  中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument

  中央大型企业工委:Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises

  中央经济工作会议 the Central Economic Working Conference

  中央商务区 central business district (CBD)

  中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student

  重点发展 prioritize

  主体经济 the mainstay of the economy

  主体思想(DPRK) Juche Idea

  主持人 anchorperson

  住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation

  住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments)

  助跑 approach run, run-up

  驻港部队People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong

  抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves

  抓住机遇 seize the opportunity

  专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store

  专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study

  转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms

  转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food)

  追平 produce the equalizer

  转体 truck rotation, turn, twist

  撞线 breast the tape

  追赶型和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development

  准博士all but dissertation (ABD)

  资产保值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value

  资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization

  资源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources

  《资治通鉴》 History as a Mirror

  自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM)

  自律机制 the self-discipline system

  自我保护意识 self-protection awareness

  自营 self-run

  自由港 free-trade port,free port

  自助银行 self-help bank

  综合国力 comprehensive national strength

  综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN)

  综合治理 comprehensive treatment

  总裁助理 assistant president

  (各州推选组成的)总统选举团electoral college

  遵纪守法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties