House of Representatives (The House)：众议院
House of Representatives (the house)
The house of Representatives is a large-scale house of two houses of Congress. 435 members are usually called members of Congress and women members of Congress. Their term of office is two years, while the term of office of senators is six years. The speaker of the house of Representatives is elected by a majority vote at the opening of each new Congress. Representatives represent nearly half a million citizens in their "constituencies," and the number of representatives in each state constituency is determined every 10 years based on federal demographic data.
House Majority leader：众议院多数派领袖
House Majority Leader
The house majority leader is the second most powerful member of the house majority party. Unlike the speaker of the house of Representatives, he / she has no overall responsibility for the house of Representatives, and his / her main task is to promote the interests of his / her party.
House Minority Leader：众议院少数派领袖
House Minority Leader
The minority leader of the house of Representatives is the leader of the party with minority status in the house of Representatives and the spokesman of the minority party's policy position, responsible for organizing the party's legislative strategy.
Landslide victory: overwhelming victory
To obtain an absolute majority of votes in a campaign. In 1988, for example, Bush was elected president by 426 electoral votes. His Democratic opponent received only 111 electoral votes.
Independent Registered： 独立选民
Independent registered: independent voters
Voters who declare that they are not a particular party can be called independents. Since a majority of registered voters usually vote for candidates of a certain party, the focus of the general election campaign is to win the support of independent voters. Nearly a third of voters nationwide think they are independents, but in some key states, the proportion of independent voters is larger than in others.
Joint chiefs of staff ：参谋长联席会议
Joint Chiefs of staff
The members of the Joint Chiefs of staff are the chief military advisers of the president and the Secretary of defense, and they are composed of the chief of staff of the United States Army and air force and the Secretary of the Department of naval operations. When it comes to the Marine Corps, the Marine Corps commander is also a member of the meeting. The Joint Chiefs of staff are headed by the president, who is considered to be the general spokesman of the United States military and the president's chief military adviser.
Mudslinging: exposing privacy
False accusations and slanders against political enemies. The original meaning of this word is to throw mud on others. In the election campaign, it refers to the malice and slander against the rival parties. For example, campaign advertisements that smear each other, and some even offensive advertisements that deliberately mislead each other.
McCain Feingold: the McCain Feingold act
Campaign funding reform bill named after two main sponsors, Senator McCain and Senator Feingold. The bill was designed to limit underground fundraising and federal campaign spending. The bill bans "soft money" and limits advertising on topics that benefit candidates.
Medicaid: Medical Assistance Project
A program funded by the federal government but operated by the state government to provide medical and health services to some low-income people. This program was created by the social security act of 1965, which only applies to specific groups of people who meet the conditions of the welfare program, including the elderly, the blind, the disabled, single parent families, children whose parents are disabled or unemployed.
Medicare: federal health insurance program
This nationwide medical insurance program was established under the social security act of 1965, which is applicable to the elderly and the disabled. It is divided into hospital insurance and medical insurance to protect people aged 65 and over from high medical expenses. This insurance is also available to those with permanent renal failure and specific disabilities.
National convention ：全国党代表大会
National Convention: National Party Congress
The National Party Congress is held every four years, with party representatives from all States participating in the Congress to vote for the party's presidential and vice presidential candidates. At present, the National Party Congress mainly plays a role in formalizing the wishes expressed by the majority of voters in the primary elections of the States. Usually, the person who gets the most delegates will accept the party's presidential nomination. The current Party Congress is also a platform for presidential candidates to introduce deputies and draft policy proposals.
Neck and neck：支持率不分上下
Neck and neck
The support rate of the two candidates is very high. This phrase comes from horse racing. It means that two horses go hand in hand. It's hard to tell which one is in front, or it can be interpreted as going hand in hand. Now it is often used in competitions and campaigns, which means that the support rate of competitors is not high or low, and it is difficult to predict who will win.