1. 人工智能 artificial intelligence (AI)
4. 工匠精神 craftsmanship spirit
5. 技术革命 technical revolution
6. 协同工作 cooperative work
7. 就业机会 job opportunity
8. 失业率 unemployment rate
9. 高技能劳动者 Highly skilled workers
10. 技术性失业 technological unemployment
11. 资本性收入capital income
12. 劳动性收入labor income
13. 政府救济government relief
14. 需求 requirement
15. 效率 efficiency
16. 促进经济增长 promote economic growth
17. 冲击 impact
18. 人口红利 demographic dividend
19. 擅长 be adept at
Technology leaders generally believe that robots will replace some of human jobs undoubtedly.
Many people believe that the majority of the unemployed rely on relief funds to maintain a basic life in the future, while the rich have all the robots.
Artificial intelligence will be more adept at almost everything than humans, that is, robots will likely replace humans in the future.
Artificial intelligence creates as many job opportunities as it disrupts.
The industries that benefit the most from artificial intelligence are those complex and creative industries, including education, science, IT, design, etc. Industries that will be negatively influenced by AI are finance, insurance, retail, construction, public administration, transportation, and manufacturing.
On the one hand, technological advancement creates new employment opportunities by increasing labor productivity, promoting economic growth, and creating new products and markets; on the other hand, artificial intelligence can achieve greater automation and replace some of the human work.
7. 在人工智能以多种形式取代人的工作背景下， 人工智能到底是就业 杀手还是 助手，引发了各方的讨论。
In the context of artificial intelligence replacing people in various forms, whether artificial intelligence is a job killer or helper has triggered discussion among the parties.
8. 被机器人取代并不意味着大量失业， 因为新的就业岗位将被创造出来。 人们应该提升工作技能来应对即将到来的就业大变迁时代。
Being replaced by robots does not mean massive unemployment, because new jobs will be created. People should improve their work skills to cope with the upcoming era of major employment changes.
9. 对企业而言， 虽然人口红利逐渐消失，但通过细化工作内容，使用人工智能技术机器人替代人力岗位的 技术红利 与 机器人红利，可极大降低成本。
For enterprises, although the demographic dividend is disappearing gradually, by using the robot to replace the technical dividend and robot bonus of the labor force, the cost can be greatly reduced.
Smart machines are not a substitute for people, but to help people do their jobs. People and machines have their own advantages. It is necessary to understand each other to achieve human-machine collaboration, but people are still the dominant players in human-machine relations.
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
1) describe the drawing briefly,
2) explain its intended meaning, and
3) give your comments.
You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
As is vividly portrayed in the cartoon, a yellow robot is grabbing a rice bowl from a worker which writes jobs on it, while the worker is panicked and helpless. Under the picture there are some eye-catching words reading that assistant or opponent, leaving an indelible impression on many people.
Hundreds of years ago, people worried that the industrial revolution would make a large number of unemployment. But history has proved that the new technological upheaval has not led to massive joblessness; rather it has renovated the social division of labor and made the industry more efficient. Therefore, commanding robots to do low-efficiency and low-value-added work, such as dirty, dangerous, and labor-intensive work, is a very practical requirement. On the other hand, as the productivity promotes, many new jobs will be created and people will have more time to do creative work, such as education, culture and art.
Obviously, artificial intelligence and automation are an irresistible trend in social development. As a college student, first of all, being an intellectual, we have an advantage in this new technological upgrading. Secondly, we should always pay attention to the development of AI, learn to utilize frontier technology to enhance our major, and get used to working with artificial intelligence or robots in our future career. Finally, diligence and craftsmanship are not outdated at all times, and only hard work can be invincible.