【高分必备】GRE作文Argument部分写作方法思考概论

更新时间:2022-08-10 04:50:50

  可能有很多新接触AW,还有一个月或者两个月就要考了却还不是很清楚应该怎么写文章的GRE考生,这篇文章主要是献给你们的。希望能起到一点抛砖引玉的作用,让大家能形成自己的思考,不要只是搬范文或者套模板。因为即使是Argument,它也有自己独特的感觉。

  我猜一道题在形成的时候,它其实是很渴望大家能认真对待它,好好欣赏它的。结果越来越多的人把它当成了模糊风景中一个无所谓的点,写到了的时候也只是生硬地套上去一个框。试问你都不认真对待它,ETS凭什么认真对待你的分数?好了,不说废话了,先来说说写作的具体思路。

  一、怎么分析Argument?

  1.首先从头至尾读一遍题,然后搞清楚题目在讲什么,避免发生理解错误。

  2.找出题目的大结论,即在经过一大堆分析和延伸之后,作者得出了什么样的结论。

  3.找出题目的关键点,即作者为了得出这样的结论给出了几个事实例证。

  4.分析作者用了什么样的逻辑推理连接了事实和结论。

  二、分析攻击点

  1.大家看到结论的荒谬了吧?还有分析的不可靠,数据没有得到论证,调查时间太短,可攻击点太多了!但是,请大家看清楚以下这句话:以上这些全都不是攻击点!

  2.真正的攻击点是第4点,即“分析作者用了什么样的逻辑推理连接了事实和结论”。当作者说“所以”“因此”这样的词的时候,我们一定要提高警惕。看看上下文,作者是怎么说出“所以”的,那里一定会有问题!

  3.一般来说这样找出的攻击点大概会有2-4个,这样足够了,如果太多了反而不便于展开。将各个事实与小结论一一对应起来,然后化整为零,各个突破。如果两个觉得少的话,可以稍微展开一下,这个后面再说!

  三、攻击顺序

  1.大家在整理完攻击点以后一定会有的困惑就是这个应该先说哪个呢?按顺序来说当然可以,只是这样组织出来的文章显得相当生硬。如果有更好的办法,我们为何要用这样如同肢解一般的写法呢。

  2.在确定顺序之前,大家还记不记得前面提到的,大结论?这个时候大家可以想一想,大结论的主要关注点是什么呢?从这个方向来拎,主线一下子就很清楚了。再把其他小结论安上去,既不会显得生硬,反而会有锦上添花详略得当之感。

  3.因此,最重要的点,也即主线,一定要放在正文第一段加以论述。

  四、语言

  1.在看范文的时候不知道大家有没有注意到,高分的作文往往并不是以一种敌对、嘲讽或者鄙夷的语气写的,他们往往站在帮助者的角度,以一种温和的态度建议原作者再考虑

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