专八考试写作指导:如何选择恰当词汇

2019-09-16 阅读 : 596 次

  遣词造句是写文章的基础,词对于一篇文章来讲,就好象砖头和房子的关系一样,尽管小,但其作用不容忽视的。

  (一) 选择恰当的词

  说话行文都得注意用词。说话时或在写作的初期阶段,我们对词的选择基本上是无意识的,往往是随手拈来,只要能表达意思就行。但是,要想出一篇好的文章,就要在不同风格的文章中选用不同种类的词。

  要想用词正确,除了需要弄明白词的本义和隐含意义外,还需要了解词在文章中可能给读者留下的印象等问题。按照《高等学校英语专业高年级英语教学大纲》的要求,英语专业第四学年本科生最少应该认知9000~12000个英语单词,在写作时应该知道怎样从自己掌握的词汇里选择出正确的词来表达自己的意思。当然,在他们的文章中仍然有一些词不达意的地方,会出现一些用错的词汇,但在

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