试题评析

2020-09-22 阅读 : 290 次

命题者在去年以“问”为话题检验学生的作文能力之后,没有延续过往,而是猛然变脸,毅然回到了传统作文命题的轨道,拿起了全命题宝剑,让学生以“一步与一生”为题进行写作。深入分析,我们不难看出,今年的四川高考作文试题仍是独具特色的,她能让考生的思想在哲理思考中得到彰显和升华。

After last year's test of students' writing ability on the topic of "asking", the propositioner did not continue the past, but suddenly changed his face, resolutely returned to the track of traditional composition propositions, picked up the whole proposition sword, and let students write on the topic of "one step and life". Through in-depth analysis, we can see that this year's composition test of Sichuan college entrance examination is still unique, which can make the candidates' thoughts manifest and sublimate in philosophical thinking.

一、意料之外,情理之中。今年除了重庆、浙江、广东、山东四个省市仍然在坚守话题作文的阵地外,全国卷Ⅰ、全国卷Ⅱ、北京、湖北均改为了给材料作文,在上海始终坚持命题作文的阵营中,相继有天津、江苏、江西、安徽、湖南、福建、辽宁以及四川在今年也欣然加入其中。这也给了我们一个有益的启示,平时的作文训练,切忌跟风逐潮,切忌猜题押题,切忌倚轻倚重,必须全面训练,打牢基础,防患于未然,以不变应万变。才能在高考考场上稳操胜券。

1、 Unexpected, reasonable. This year, in addition to Chongqing, Zhejiang, Guangdong and Shandong, four provinces and cities still adhere to the position of topic composition, national Volume I, national Volume II, Beijing and Hubei are all changed to writing for materials. In Shanghai, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Anhui, Hunan, Fujian, Liaoning and Sichuan have joined in this year. This also gives us a useful enlightenment. In the usual composition training, we must avoid following the trend, suspecting the topic, relying on the light and relying on the heavy. We must train in an all-round way, lay a solid foundation, prevent the trouble before it happens, and respond to the changes constantly. Only in this way can we win the college entrance examination.

二、合理限制,适当放宽。仔细分析,今年的作文试题十分简洁明了,命题者采用“题目﹢要求”的简单形式来命题。文题既有合理限制,又适当给予放宽。合理限制体现在两个方面:一是限定题目,二是限定字数,考生是不能另拟题目,不顾字数,超越雷池的;适当放宽则主要体现在“文体自选”上,也就是说,无论从文章体裁记叙文、说明文、议论文来讲,还是从文学体裁小说、散文、诗歌、戏剧来讲,只要考生选取自己善于驾驭的体裁来写作,无论哪类,均无不可。

2、 Reasonable restrictions and appropriate relaxation. After careful analysis, this year's composition test questions are very concise and clear, and the propositioner uses the simple form of "question + requirement" to make a proposition. There are not only reasonable restrictions, but also appropriate relaxation. Reasonable restrictions are reflected in two aspects: one is to limit the topic; the other is to limit the number of words. Candidates can't write another topic, ignore the number of words, and surpass Leichi; the appropriate relaxation is mainly reflected in the "free choice of style", that is to say, no matter from the perspective of narrative, expository text, argumentative paper, or from the perspective of literary genre novel, prose, poetry, drama, as long as candidates No matter what kind of writing you choose, you are good at mastering.

三、辨明题旨,准确立意。纵观多年的高考作文试题,不难看出,高考作文试题基本上都是关系型的。今年的作文试题要求考生以“一步与一生”为题写一篇文章,不但具有一定的难度,而且也具有很好的区分度,这样不仅便于拉开档次,而且更利于选拔人才。

3、 Distinguish the theme and make an accurate idea. It is not hard to see that the composition test questions of college entrance examination are basically relational. This year's composition test requires candidates to write an article on the topic of "one step and one life". It is not only difficult, but also has a good distinction, which is not only convenient to open up the level, but also more conducive to the selection of talents.

“一步与一生”,文题凝练而平易,颇具比喻意义和象征意义。有关“一步与一生”的名言警句可谓举不胜举。像“千里之行,始于足下”“一步错,步步错”“一失足成千古恨”“一着不慎,满盘皆输”“不积小流,无以成江海;不积跬步,无以至千里”……这些名言警句无不在揭示一个真理:做好一件事,走好一步路,对人的一生至关重要。有时,做好一件事,走好一步路,可以成就人的一生;做错一件事,走错一步路,可以毁掉人的一生。古今中外,与“一步与一生”有关的人和事也可以说是数不胜数。

"One step and one life", the title is concise and simple, which is quite figurative and symbolic. There are many famous sayings about "one step and one life". Like "a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step", "one wrong step, one wrong step", "one wrong step becomes eternal hatred", "one careless move, one lose everything", "no small flow, no sea; no small step, no even a thousand miles" All these proverbs reveal a truth: to do a good job, to take a good step, is essential to one's life. Sometimes, to do a good job and take a good step can achieve a person's life; to do a wrong thing and take a wrong step can destroy a person's life. At all times and in all over the world, there are countless people and things related to "one step and one life".

四、合理选材,务必出彩。审准题目以后,就要选择题材,运思行文了。选材时,可以选自己,也可以选他人;可以选古人,也可以选今人;可以选国人,也可以选外族。只要与“一步与一生”有关的人和事即可。因此,我们可以将题材锁定在亲人、友人,乃至古人、今人上,从正面立意,写古今中外的风云人物、黎民百姓因“一步”而影响“一生”的情结,表达自己的景仰敬意、歌颂赞美;也可以从反面着笔,写历史现实中的败类小丑因“一步”而铸就“一生”的遗憾,乃至遗臭万年的罪恶,表达自己的憎恶仇恨或鞭挞愤怒。因此,要写好这道作文题,选材的关键在于选取恰当的角度,一定要阐释清楚“一步”与“一生”的辩证关系。而出彩的关键则在于表达方式的运用和突出主题的技巧。可以或单向思维,或双向思维,或多向思维,或深入一步,别具匠心,写出与众不同的华章。

4、 Reasonable selection of materials must be brilliant. After examining and approving the topic, we should choose the subject matter, think and write. When selecting materials, you can choose yourself or others; you can choose the ancients or the modern; you can choose the Chinese or the foreigners. Just people and things related to "one step and one life". Therefore, we can lock the theme in our relatives, friends, and even the ancients and modern people, and from the positive perspective, we can write the complex of "one step" which affects the "life" of people at all times and in all countries, and express our admiration, praise and praise; we can also write from the opposite side, we can write the regret of "one step" which casts the "life" of the scum clowns in the historical reality, Even the infamous sin, express their hate hate hate or lash anger. Therefore, in order to write this composition well, the key of selecting materials is to choose the right angle, and to explain the dialectical relationship between "one step" and "life". The key to success lies in the use of expression and the skill of highlighting the theme. One way thinking, two-way thinking, multi-way thinking, or in-depth one step, unique, write a different chapter.

由于要求中规定“文体自选”,因此,我们可以选取情真意切的记叙文、情文并茂的散文、辩证思辨的议论文、波澜起伏的小说,或者人物鲜活的剧本等等。但是,不管怎么说,形式只是思想感情的载体。如果我们对自己写作的主题和题材缺乏真实的体验和感悟,就只会搬弄套话空话,无病呻吟,无论如何也写不出考场美文来。只要我们有真情实感,有对“一步”与“一生”的深刻认知和独特思考,再加上丰厚的文化积淀、扎实的写作功夫,就一定能够写出令人击节的佳作。

Due to the requirement of "style selection", we can choose the true narration, the prose with both feelings and texts, the argumentative paper of dialectical thinking, the novel with ups and downs, or the script with fresh characters and so on. However, in any case, form is only the carrier of thoughts and feelings. If we lack real experience and understanding of the theme and subject matter of our own writing, we will only make nonsense and moan without illness, and in any case, we will not be able to write beautiful articles in the examination room. As long as we have a real feeling, a deep understanding and unique thinking of "one step" and "life", coupled with rich cultural accumulation and solid writing skills, we will be able to write a stunning masterpiece.

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