Composition is the comprehensive quality of English knowledge. It requires students to have not only solid basic language skills, but also certain examination ability, imagination ability, expression ability, evaluation ability and calligraphy typesetting ability. Because the basic skills are not solid, most students always have some problems in their composition, for example, inconsistent style, misuse of vocabulary, single sentence, etc., which results in low scores in composition and affects the overall English scores. Therefore, the ability of composition is not strong has been a common problem for students. In fact, there are four kinds of symptoms in the composition "calcium deficiency". If we analyze these symptoms thoroughly, we can find the root cause of the partial composition. At the same time, we can apply some templates properly to supplement the students who are "calcium deficient" in writing ability.
Symptom style disorder
[performance] after reading the requirements of composition, write when writing - clearly ask for a letter to express suggestions, and the result is written as argumentative paper; or clearly ask for clear text, but it is written as narrative; or the final style is not wrong, and the result is that the notice is written in the format of diary, and the letter is written in the format of notice.
[crux] there is a lack of targeted training in writing style at ordinary times. I am not familiar with several commonly used English writing styles and their corresponding writing formats. When I get the writing materials, I will habitually sweep through the writing requirements and write the most familiar format.
[the way of breakthrough] clear style and corresponding format
The common styles are narrative, expository, argumentative and practical. In recent years, the written expression of college entrance examination is mainly applied, and the forms provided are mostly pictures, outlines and forms. The written forms are mostly letters and notices. Therefore, students should master the address, beginning, text, end, signature and other aspects of the letter. In addition, the difference between oral notice and written notice should be clear. In a word, students should analyze the materials according to the writing tips, and make clear the writing style and its corresponding format.
Symptom two tense person confusion
[performance] in composition, tense and person use are confused - in terms of tense, either the whole article is a kind of tense (most of which are general present tense and general past tense), or there are more than three kinds of tenses in a paragraph or even a sentence; In terms of person, either the first person at the beginning of the article, or the second or third person at the end of the article, or the singular person at the front, or the plural person when it is written.
[crux] the basic knowledge of English is not solid, and the meaning and application of tense and person in English are not well grasped, so it is impossible to choose the correct tense and person according to the style and abuse or mix them.
[the way of breakthrough] clear tense and person
Students should determine the tense and person according to the selected style and writing content. Generally speaking, the general past tense is often used to record people's narratives; the general future tense and imperative sentence patterns are often used to issue notices; the general present tense with modal verbs is mostly used to issue comments; the general present tense and present perfect tense are commonly used in character introduction and current situation explanation. After the tense is fixed, we must know the composition and main points of usage of each tense, but we should remember that the tense is not unique in writing, and we should choose the right tense according to the content of expression. In the aspect of person, we should pay attention to the unity of the former and the latter, so as to avoid the inconsistency between the former and the latter.
Symptom three vocabulary confusion
[expression] there is often a phenomenon of misuse of words. At the same time, some difficult, long and unfamiliar words can be used, or some simple words can clearly express the meaning, but it is necessary to choose some difficult and uncommon expressions.
[crux] when writing, if you don't grasp the context of the article, you can write in a hurry, and you can't understand and remember the words and common expressions you need. In normal practice, we habitually ignore some basic words and expressions which are simple in form but widely used, and like to choose complex words and expressions.
[breakthrough] determine the main vocabulary and expression structure
The main points of writing should be determined one by one according to the style and content of the article. For pictures and charts, you can list and sort out the main points in Chinese on the draft paper, then choose words and sentences, pay attention to the accuracy and appropriateness of the language, and strive to express the accurate meaning in the simplest words. At the same time, in normal writing, divergent thinking should be carried out more often, for example, whether to use veriysory or terriblysory, whether to use surprised or astonised. Students should learn to avoid using advanced grammatical structures and vocabulary as much as possible, such as non predicate verbs and compound sentences, so as not to cause negligent loss of points.
Disorder of four word order of symptoms
[performance] the word order and sentence order of a composition are disordered. Usually, one point is written here, and another point is skipped. As a result, either the article is full of nonsense, without center and focus, and nothing is expressed clearly; or the whole article is full of inappropriate transitional words and sentences, and the whole article "teases" to the end, which makes people unable to find the north.
[crux] in normal practice, we don't pay attention to the consistency of expression, write where we want to, and don't have the habit of outlining before writing, and don't think deeply about how to express to achieve the best effect, thus causing the logical thinking confusion and unclear level of the whole article.
【突破之道】 整理成篇 行文连贯
[the way to break through] make a coherent passage
Students should make a brief outline according to the writing content, distinguish the levels of the article, determine the details, and rearrange the single sentences to make them coherent into a complete article. At the same time, choose the appropriate Related words or sentences to make the passage natural and fluent. In addition, this section should be divided so that the article can be central and clear at a glance, and the whole composition can be as neat and uniform as flowing clouds.