常用论文术语中英文对照范文

2019-09-17 阅读 : 520 次

  常用论文术语中英文对照范文 A.

  安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families

  按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost

  按揭贷款 mortgage loan

  按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance

  暗亏 hidden loss

  奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult

  B.

  巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse

  把握大局 grasp the overall situation

  白色行情表 white sheet

  白手起家 starting from scratch

  摆架子 put on airs

  拜年 pay New Year call

  搬迁户 relocated families

  半拉子工程 uncompleted project

  棒球运动记者 scribe

  包干到户 work contracted to households

  包工包料 contract for labor and materials

  保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy

  保持国有股 keep the State-held shares

  保健食品 health-care food

  保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area

  保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas

  保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

  北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank

  本本主义 bookishness

  《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica

  本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

  本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

  奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

  蹦击 bungee, bungee jumping

  逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives

  闭门羹 given cold-shoulder

  边际报酬 marginal return

  边缘科学 boundary science

  标书 bidding documents

  表演赛 demonstration match

  剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody

  补缺选举 by-election

  布达拉宫 Potala Palace

  不败记录 clean record, spotless record

  不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force

  不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

  《不见不散》 Be there or be square.

  不良贷款 non-performing loan

  不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

  不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

  步行天桥 foot bridge

  C.

  擦边球 edge ball, touch ball

  擦网球 net ball

  采取高姿态 show magnanimity

  菜篮子工程 shopping basket program

  参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs

  层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

  差额投票 differentail voting

  差额选举 competitive election

  茶道 sado

  拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul

  禅 dhyana

  产粮大省 granary province

  产品结构 product mix

  产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

  产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order

  产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing

  长二捆 LM-2E

  长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

  畅通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"

  唱高调 mouth high-sounding words

  超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer

  超前消费 overconsuming, excessive consumption

  城市规划 city's landscaping plan

  城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

  吃大锅饭 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"

  抽杀成功 hit through

  筹备委员会 preparatory committee

  出风头 show off;in the limelight

  出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

  出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods

  出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

  出家 pravrajana; cloister

  创建卫生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

  春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program

  《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals

  从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

  促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy

  存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits

  D.

  "达标"活动 "target hitting" activities

  打白条 issue IOU

  打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

  打破僵局 break the deadlock

  打顺手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove

  大包干 all-round responsibility system

  大轰动 blockbuster

  大力扣杀 hammer

  大路货 staple goods

  大满贯 grand slam

  大款 tycoon

  大排挡 sidewalk snack booth

  大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

  大胜 white wash

  大腕 top notch

  大要案 major and serious criminal cases

  大专生 junior college student

  大专文凭 associate degree

  大藏经 Tripitaka

  带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits

  待岗 await job assignment, post-waiting

  待业 job-waiting

  单循环制 single round-robin system

  盗用公款 embezzlement

  单刀赴会 start a solo run

  倒计时 countdowm

  倒爷 profiteer

  等外品 off-grade goods, rejects

  第二产业 secondary industry

  第一发球权 first inning

  第一发球员 first server

  第一双打 first pair

  地方保护主义 regional protectionism

  地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

  地区差异 regional disparity

  点子公司 consultancy company

  电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number

  电话会议 teleconference

  电视直销 TV home shopping

  吊球 drop shot

  吊销执照 revoke license

  定向培训 training for specific posts

  豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project

  独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

  "渡假外交" holiday-making diplomacy

  短期债务 floating debt

  对外招商 attract foreign investment

  队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband

  多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power

  多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

  夺冠 take the crown

  E.

  恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation

  二板市场(创业板市场) second board on the country's stock market

  二流选手 scrub, second-rater

  F.

  发展不平衡 disparate development

  法治国家 a country under the rule of law

  法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system

  翻两番 quadruple

  反败为胜 bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire

  防洪工程 flood-prevention project

  放高球 lob

  飞行药检 spot check

  费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes

  分流 reposition of redundant personnel

  分期付款 installment payment

  (产品)分销 subunderwriting, distribution

  锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash

  封闭式基金 close-ended fund

  封杀出局 force out

  “封圣” canonization of "Saints"

  福利彩票 welfare lotteries

  福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system

  扶贫 poverty alleviation

  覆盖率 coverage rate

  复式住宅 compound apartment

  G.

  改制上市:An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.

  干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent

  高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue

  高产优质 high yield and high quality

  高级商务师 Certified Business Executive

  高难度动作 stunner, stunt

  高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone

  (公路)隔离带 median

  根本政治制度 fundamental political system

  个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

  "各就位" "On your marks!"

  跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

  工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

  工业园区 industrial park

  公积金public accumulation funds, public reserve funds

  公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

  公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open

  共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party

  国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

  国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense

  国际惯例 international common practice

  《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune

  国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems

  国家一级保护 first-grade State protection

  国库券 treasury bonds

  过度开垦 excess reclamation

  H.

  海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War

  豪赌 unrestrained gambling

  好事不出门,恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.

  好出风头的运动员 exhibitionist, grandstander

  好莱坞大片

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